The DTNB (Ellman's) Thiol Oxidative Stress Assay Kit is designed to measure free thiol groups that arise due to oxidative stress, which is an underlying component of acute and chronic kidney disease.
Our kit uses Ellman's Reagent otherwise known as DTNB or 5-5'-dithiobis[2-nitrobenzoic acid] which reacts with the disulfide bond in a sample to produce 2-nitro-5-thiobenzoic acid. Under conditions of oxidative stress, free thiols decrease and disulfides increase. Determination of the free thiol concentration in biological samples reflects the ability to detoxify lipid (and other) peroxides. To complete the assay, aliquots of standard or sample are reacted with rehydrated Ellman’s reagent (DTNB) in microtiter wells. Absorbance is read at 405 nm using a reference filter of 630 nm. Concentration in samples is determined from the standard curve.
Our kit contains all of the components and reagents you need to conduct a 96 well plate chemical assay for thiol groups of any species in up to 40 duplicate urine or cell free liquid samples (plasma, serum, cell culture supernatant, etc…).
1. 96 well microtiter plate (1)
2. DTNB (Ellman’s Reagent)
3. Ellman’s Reagent Diluent
4. DTNB Thiols (L-Cysteine Standard 10.0 mg vial)
5. DTNB Thiols Assay Diluent
Materials Required But Not Supplied
1. Eppendorf Tubes
2. Eppendorf Centrifuge for clarification of samples
3. Pipettes capable of delivering 50 ul, 100 ul, and 200 ul of sample
4. Serological Pipettes (1 ml and 5 ml)
5. Tube to hold 5 ml
6. Microplate Reader
1. Dissolve Ellman’s Reagent in 20 ml of Ellman’s Reagent Diluent by adding 1.0 ml to vial, mix thoroughly, and transfer back to Diluent bottle.
2. Dissolve DTNB Thiols (L-Cysteine Standard) in 0.83 ml of DTNB Thiols Assay Diluent. Make a 1:50 Standard Stock by adding 100 ul of DTNB (L-Cysteine Standard) to 4.9 ml of DTNB Thiols Assay Diluent.
3. The DTNB Thiols standard curve is prepared by adding 200 ul DTNB Thiols Assay Diluent into 7 standard eppendorf tubes labeled #1 to #7. Add 200 ul of DTNB Thiols L- Cysteine Stock solution to tube #1, mix thoroughly and remove 200ul to tube # 2, mix thoroughly and remove 200ul to tube # 3,
and so on until tube #7.
4. In the assay the 7 standards will contain 1000, 500, 250, 125, 62.5, 31.25, and 15.6 uM, respectively.
5. Prepare samples by diluting in DTNB Thiols Assay Diluent, if necessary, and clarifying by centrifugation.
1. In microtiter plate, add 50 ul of DTNB Thiols Assay Diluent to wells A1 and A2. Add 50 ul of standard from tube #1 to wells B1 and B2, continue adding standard #2 to wells C1 and C2 and so on until you end up adding standard #7 to wells H1 and H2.
2. Add 50 ul of clarified sample #1 to A3 and A4 and continue adding samples, in duplicate, to fill up the plate.
3. Add 150 ul of Ellman’s Reagent to each well.
4. Plate can be read immediately but incubate no longer then 10 minutes before reading.
5. Read in a microplate reader at 405 nm with reference filter at 630 nm.
6. Measure absorbance with A1 or A2 being used as blank.
7. Calculate amount of DTNB-Thiols.
1. Determine the least squares regression line using absorbance versus DTNB Thiols concentration for
2. Determine the concentration of diluted samples by substituting the respective absorbances
3. Multiply these values by the dilution factor to obtain concentration in undiluted samples.
Stability of Reagents
Reconstituted Ellman’s Reagent and DTNB Thiols are not stable and should be discarded after 1 day.
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